Challenges negating virtual construction project team performance in the Middle East

Sukhwant Sagar, Olugbenga Oladinrin, Mohammed Arif, Muhammad Rana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the last couple of decades, many organisations are increasingly adopting virtual team concepts, and construction companies in the Middle East are no exception. Members of a virtual team are geographically scattered and represent diverse cultures. Thus, challenging issues emerge more frequently than in a traditional team. There are challenges associated with space and time as well as high client’s demand. Therefore, this study aims to identify and probe the causes of the challenges in virtual project teams in the construction industry of the Middle East.

A list of challenges was derived through a comprehensive review of relevant literature. Questionnaire survey was conducted with professionals who are involved in construction virtual project teams. Further, the factor analysis technique was used to analyse the survey responses.

Results show that the challenges in virtual team arrangement in the Middle East construction industry can be grouped into seven categories, namely: organisational culture, conflict within the team, characteristics of the team members, trust within the team members diversity of the team, communication and training, and cohesion in the team. Understanding of these factors will drive the needed platform to support effective virtual project teams in the Middle East.

This study raises the prospect that organisations may establish an environment for team members to achieve higher levels of virtual cooperation by concentrating on these potentially crucial factors. This, in turn, will encourage further innovation and performance within construction organisations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-629
Number of pages17
JournalBuilt environment project and asset management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2022


  • Construction industry
  • Middle East
  • Organisational culture
  • Team cohesion
  • Virtual team


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