Cerebrovascular and corticomotor function during progressive passive hyperthermia in humans

Emma Ross, James D. Cotter, Luke Wilson, Jui-Lin Fan, Samuel J.E. Lucas, P. Ainslie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study examined the integrative effects of passive heating on cerebral perfusion and alterations in central motor drive. Eight participants underwent passive hyperthermia [0.5°C increments in core temperature (Tc) from normothermia (37 ± 0.3°C) to their limit of thermal tolerance (T-LIM; 39.0 ± 0.4°C)]. Blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (CBFv) and respiratory responses were measured continuously. Arterial blood gases and blood pressure were obtained intermittently. At baseline and each Tc level, supramaximal femoral nerve stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were performed to assess neuromuscular and cortical function, respectively. At T-LIM, measures were (in a randomized order) also made during a period of breathing 5% CO(2) gas to restore eucapnia (+5% CO(2)). Mean heating time was 179 ± 51 min, with each 0.5°C increment in Tc taking 40 ± 10 min. CBFv was reduced by ∼20% below baseline from +0.5°C until T-LIM. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors was decreased at T-LIM (-9 ± 10%; P < 0.05), and cortical voluntary activation (VA), assessed by TMS, was decreased at +1.5°C and T-LIM by 11 ± 8 and 22 ± 23%, respectively (P < 0.05). Corticospinal excitability (measured as the EMG response produced by TMS) was unaltered. Reductions in cortical VA were related to changes in ventilation (Ve; R(2) = 0.76; P < 0.05) and partial pressure of end-tidal CO(2) (Pet(CO(2)); R(2) = 0.63; P < 0.05) and to changes in CBFv (R(2) = 0.61; P = 0.067). Interestingly, although CBFv was not fully restored, MVC and cortical VA were restored towards baseline values during inhalation of 5% CO(2). These results indicate that descending voluntary drive becomes progressively impaired as Tc is increased, presumably due, in part, to reductions in CBFv and to hyperthermia-induced hyperventilation and subsequent hypocapnia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)
Volume112
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2012

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Carbon Monoxide
Fever
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Heating
Gases
Hypocapnia
Femoral Nerve
Induced Hyperthermia
Hyperventilation
Blood Flow Velocity
Partial Pressure
Middle Cerebral Artery
Inhalation
Ventilation
Knee
Respiration
Perfusion
Blood Pressure
Temperature

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Ross, E., Cotter, J. D., Wilson, L., Fan, J-L., Lucas, S. J. E., & Ainslie, P. (2012). Cerebrovascular and corticomotor function during progressive passive hyperthermia in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 112(5).
Ross, Emma ; Cotter, James D. ; Wilson, Luke ; Fan, Jui-Lin ; Lucas, Samuel J.E. ; Ainslie, P. / Cerebrovascular and corticomotor function during progressive passive hyperthermia in humans. In: Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985). 2012 ; Vol. 112, No. 5.
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Cerebrovascular and corticomotor function during progressive passive hyperthermia in humans. / Ross, Emma; Cotter, James D.; Wilson, Luke; Fan, Jui-Lin; Lucas, Samuel J.E.; Ainslie, P.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), Vol. 112, No. 5, 31.03.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cerebrovascular and corticomotor function during progressive passive hyperthermia in humans

AU - Ross, Emma

AU - Cotter, James D.

AU - Wilson, Luke

AU - Fan, Jui-Lin

AU - Lucas, Samuel J.E.

AU - Ainslie, P.

PY - 2012/3/31

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N2 - The present study examined the integrative effects of passive heating on cerebral perfusion and alterations in central motor drive. Eight participants underwent passive hyperthermia [0.5°C increments in core temperature (Tc) from normothermia (37 ± 0.3°C) to their limit of thermal tolerance (T-LIM; 39.0 ± 0.4°C)]. Blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (CBFv) and respiratory responses were measured continuously. Arterial blood gases and blood pressure were obtained intermittently. At baseline and each Tc level, supramaximal femoral nerve stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were performed to assess neuromuscular and cortical function, respectively. At T-LIM, measures were (in a randomized order) also made during a period of breathing 5% CO(2) gas to restore eucapnia (+5% CO(2)). Mean heating time was 179 ± 51 min, with each 0.5°C increment in Tc taking 40 ± 10 min. CBFv was reduced by ∼20% below baseline from +0.5°C until T-LIM. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors was decreased at T-LIM (-9 ± 10%; P < 0.05), and cortical voluntary activation (VA), assessed by TMS, was decreased at +1.5°C and T-LIM by 11 ± 8 and 22 ± 23%, respectively (P < 0.05). Corticospinal excitability (measured as the EMG response produced by TMS) was unaltered. Reductions in cortical VA were related to changes in ventilation (Ve; R(2) = 0.76; P < 0.05) and partial pressure of end-tidal CO(2) (Pet(CO(2)); R(2) = 0.63; P < 0.05) and to changes in CBFv (R(2) = 0.61; P = 0.067). Interestingly, although CBFv was not fully restored, MVC and cortical VA were restored towards baseline values during inhalation of 5% CO(2). These results indicate that descending voluntary drive becomes progressively impaired as Tc is increased, presumably due, in part, to reductions in CBFv and to hyperthermia-induced hyperventilation and subsequent hypocapnia.

AB - The present study examined the integrative effects of passive heating on cerebral perfusion and alterations in central motor drive. Eight participants underwent passive hyperthermia [0.5°C increments in core temperature (Tc) from normothermia (37 ± 0.3°C) to their limit of thermal tolerance (T-LIM; 39.0 ± 0.4°C)]. Blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (CBFv) and respiratory responses were measured continuously. Arterial blood gases and blood pressure were obtained intermittently. At baseline and each Tc level, supramaximal femoral nerve stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were performed to assess neuromuscular and cortical function, respectively. At T-LIM, measures were (in a randomized order) also made during a period of breathing 5% CO(2) gas to restore eucapnia (+5% CO(2)). Mean heating time was 179 ± 51 min, with each 0.5°C increment in Tc taking 40 ± 10 min. CBFv was reduced by ∼20% below baseline from +0.5°C until T-LIM. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors was decreased at T-LIM (-9 ± 10%; P < 0.05), and cortical voluntary activation (VA), assessed by TMS, was decreased at +1.5°C and T-LIM by 11 ± 8 and 22 ± 23%, respectively (P < 0.05). Corticospinal excitability (measured as the EMG response produced by TMS) was unaltered. Reductions in cortical VA were related to changes in ventilation (Ve; R(2) = 0.76; P < 0.05) and partial pressure of end-tidal CO(2) (Pet(CO(2)); R(2) = 0.63; P < 0.05) and to changes in CBFv (R(2) = 0.61; P = 0.067). Interestingly, although CBFv was not fully restored, MVC and cortical VA were restored towards baseline values during inhalation of 5% CO(2). These results indicate that descending voluntary drive becomes progressively impaired as Tc is increased, presumably due, in part, to reductions in CBFv and to hyperthermia-induced hyperventilation and subsequent hypocapnia.

M3 - Article

VL - 112

JO - Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 8750-7587

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