Brain food?

Trophic transfer and tissue retention of microplastics by the velvet swimming crab (Necora puber)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Knowledge of the fate and persistence of microplastics within the tissues of marine organisms remains poor, despite their ubiquitous nature in marine habitats and ingestion by a range of species being well understood. Mussels (Mytilus edulis) were fed 50 μl (~4.1 × 10 6) of 0.5 μm polystyrene fluorescent microplastic spheres. Velvet swimming crabs (Necora puber) were subsequently fed either one or three dosed mussels and were sampled after 1 h, 1, 7 or 21 days post consumption. The stomach, gills, testes and brains were removed and digested. Microplastics were present in all tissues sampled and remained present for the duration of the trial. Only in the stomach and gills was there a decrease in the number of microplastics over time. The stomach and testes showed a significant increase in the number of microplastics present with the number of mussels consumed. The number of microplastics present in the brain remained constant throughout the duration of the trial. Our study is the first to demonstrate the presence of microplastics in the brain of any crustacean species. This has possible implications for a range of behaviours including predator avoidance, foraging and reproduction. Further work is needed to determine whether presence and persistence of microplastics in the brains of crustacean species affects behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Article number151187
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Volume519
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Portunidae
brain
crab
plastics
food
crustacean
persistence
mussels
stomach
testes
gills
Crustacea
predator
duration
tissues
tissue
polystyrenes
habitat
Mytilus edulis
ingestion

Keywords

  • Microplastics
  • Necora puber
  • Mytilus edulis
  • Marine pollution
  • Brain
  • Stomach
  • Testes
  • Gills
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Crustacean

Cite this

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title = "Brain food?: Trophic transfer and tissue retention of microplastics by the velvet swimming crab (Necora puber)",
abstract = "Knowledge of the fate and persistence of microplastics within the tissues of marine organisms remains poor, despite their ubiquitous nature in marine habitats and ingestion by a range of species being well understood. Mussels (Mytilus edulis) were fed 50 μl (~4.1 × 10 6) of 0.5 μm polystyrene fluorescent microplastic spheres. Velvet swimming crabs (Necora puber) were subsequently fed either one or three dosed mussels and were sampled after 1 h, 1, 7 or 21 days post consumption. The stomach, gills, testes and brains were removed and digested. Microplastics were present in all tissues sampled and remained present for the duration of the trial. Only in the stomach and gills was there a decrease in the number of microplastics over time. The stomach and testes showed a significant increase in the number of microplastics present with the number of mussels consumed. The number of microplastics present in the brain remained constant throughout the duration of the trial. Our study is the first to demonstrate the presence of microplastics in the brain of any crustacean species. This has possible implications for a range of behaviours including predator avoidance, foraging and reproduction. Further work is needed to determine whether presence and persistence of microplastics in the brains of crustacean species affects behaviour.",
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Brain food? Trophic transfer and tissue retention of microplastics by the velvet swimming crab (Necora puber). / Crooks, Neil; Parker, Hannah; Pernetta, Angelo.

In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 519, 151187, 19.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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