Benchmarking as a policy-making tool: from the private to the public

Theodoros Papaioannou, Howard Rush, John Bessant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Benchmarking has a long history in the management world. It first emerged in the private sector as an engineering tool and having passed through different stages of development, is now also a policy-making tool in the public sector. The paper argues that although typologies of benchmarks can be developed and a generic methodological approach can be formulated, these cannot be unconditionally used in the sector of public policy. A number of problems can be identified: the lack of agreement on what public policy is, the contradiction between learning and copying in public sector organizations, the dualism between top-down and bottom-up approaches, and the conflict between accountability and public trust. These problems are also reflected in the specific case of innovation policy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-102
Number of pages12
JournalScience and Public Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006


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