Artificial Intelligence and Legal Liability

John Kingston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapter


A recent issue of a popular computing journal asked which laws would apply if a self-driving car killed a pedestrian. This paper considers the question of legal liability for artificially intelligent computer systems. It discusses whether criminal liability could ever apply; to whom it might apply; and, under civil law, whether an AI program is a product that is subject to product design legislation or a service to which the tort of negligence applies. The issue of sales warranties is also considered. A discussion of some of the practical limitations that AI systems are subject to is also included.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch and Development in Intelligent Systems XXXIII: Incorporating Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XXIV
EditorsMax Brame, Miltiadis Petridis
Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783319471754
ISBN (Print)9783319471747
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2016


  • Social Impact
  • Acceptance and Implications of AI
  • Intelligent Decision Support Systems
  • Industrial Applications of Artificial Intelligence


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