Analysing policy processes as multiple governance: accountability in social policy

Michael Hill, Peter Hupe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There is a need to develop appropriate ways to analyse issues about complexity in the governance process and about accountability. The preoccupation with policy ‘stages’ need to be replaced with a more complex model of the way in which policy decisions are inter-related or ‘nested’. It is argued that a ‘multiple governance framework’, influenced by Elinor Ostrom’s ‘institutional analysis and development’ framework, offers a way to do this. The framework is illustrated using examples from English health and education policy, where there are opposed positions about professional autonomy and about local prerogatives, to show how this approach assists the analysis of issues like these.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-573
Number of pages17
JournalPolicy & Politics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2006

Bibliographical note

© The Policy Press 2006


  • policy stages
  • accountability
  • governance
  • implementation


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