An interpretive phenomenological study: podolinguistics, sportsmen and masculinity

Christopher Morriss-Roberts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


This empirical piece of 2013 Doctoral research, considers the role of podolinguistics and its relationship to masculinity and sport. Podolinguistics or podopsychosomatics a term originally introduced by Rossi (1977) is said to be the language of feet and shoes. Taking this concept a step further, podolinguistics is reading the transmitted signifiers that are understood through wearing different types of footwear, in this instance. In this body of work, the author forms a podolinguistic theoretical relationship to men in sporting environments, with a particular focus on reading into the signifiers of masculinity, utilising an Interpretive Phenomenology and a Masculinity Theory approach. Ethical approval was gained form the University of East London. Eight sportsmen (four heterosexual and four homosexual) were recruited into the study, from a range of different sporting disciplines. Each participant took part in a one-hour semi-structured interview, where insights into masculinity and sport were explored. The structure of these interviews took into account the life histories of the participant. The interviews were transcribed for analysis. An Interpretive Phenomenological Approach (Smith, Flowers and Larkin, 2009) was utilised to analyse the data, appreciating the phenomenological, the hermeneutic and idiographic qualities of the interview transcripts, resulting in the development of themes. The results indicated a complex relationship of understanding footwear and podolinguistics in the sporting setting. This relationship includes the realisation of three categories of footwear in sport that shape masculine bonds between men. These categories include, sporting-footwear, social-sporting-footwear and general footwear. Developing this categorisation further, it became apparent that colour of sporting-footwear and social-sporting footwear, was the most fundamental/influential feature in shaping/understanding masculinity through a podolinguistic signifying relationship. Finally, the results also indicated that the foot and shoe was not the only feature to be included in the definition of podolinguistics. This empirical piece of research complemented Rossi’s (1977) definition, by adding the role of ‘walking’ to the 1977 understanding of podolinguistics. It was found that the role of walking, and modelling a heterosexual stance of walking, was interpreted as masculine/heterosexual. This piece of research puts the previously ignored concept of podolinguistics back into the academic frame. In this example, by focussing on masculinity and podolinguistics in sport, we are able to see how a new awareness of this relationship, shapes men’s understandings of their lives and masculinity though footwear. It gives us the foundation in podiatry, to step back and reconsider the psychosocial role of footwear, feet and walking in shaping podolinguistics, as a new academic discipline for debate. Smith, J.A., Flowers, P. and Larkin, M. (2009) Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis: Theory, Method and Research. London: Sage Rossi, W.A. (1977)The Sex Life of the Foot and Shoe. London: The Camelot Press Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe College of Podiatry Annual Conference 2013
Place of PublicationLiverpool
PublisherBioMed Central
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2013
EventThe College of Podiatry Annual Conference 2013 - Liverpool, UK, 14-16 November 2013
Duration: 22 Nov 2013 → …

Publication series

NameJournal of Foot and Ankle Research


ConferenceThe College of Podiatry Annual Conference 2013
Period22/11/13 → …

Bibliographical note

© 2014 Morriss-Roberts; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.


Dive into the research topics of 'An interpretive phenomenological study: podolinguistics, sportsmen and masculinity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this