An empirical study of diagrammatic inference process by recording the moving operation of diagrams

Yuri Sato, Yuichiro Wajima, Kazuhiro Ueda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


Inthisstudy,weinvestigatehowpeoplemanipulatediagrams in logical reasoning, especially no valid conclusion (NVC) tasks. In NVC tasks, premises are given and people are asked to judge whether “no consequence can be drawn from the premises.” Here, we introduce a method of asking participants to directly manipulate instances of dia- grammatic objects as a component of inferential processes. We observed how participants move Euler diagrams, presented on a PC monitor, to solve syllogisms with universally quantified sentences. In the NVC tasks, 88.6% of our participants chose to use an enumeration strategy with mul- tiple configurations of conclusion diagrams and/or a partial-overlapping strategy of placing two circles. Our results provide evidence that NVC judgment for tasks with diagrams can be reached using an efficient way of counter-example construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDiagrammatic Representation and Inference; Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams (Diagrams 2014)
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
EventDiagrams 2014 - Melbourne, Australia, 28 July - 1 August 2014
Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …


ConferenceDiagrams 2014
Period1/01/14 → …

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