An age-dependent diet-modified effect of thePPARγPro12Ala polymorphism in children

George V. Dedoussis, Yannis Manios, Georgia Kourlaba, Stavroula Kanoni, Vasiliki Lagou, Johannah Butler, Constantina Papoutsakis, Robert A. Scott, Mary Yannakoulia, Yannis Pitsiladis, Joel N. Hirschhorn, Helen N. Lyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Variation in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ gene alters the risk for adiposity in adults, with evidence of interaction with diet. We investigated the age-related association between the Pro12Ala variant (rs1801282) and diet in obesity-related traits in children. The Pro12Ala variant was assayed in 2102 young children aged 1 to 6 years and in 794 periadolescent children aged 10 to 12 years of Greek origin. In both cohorts, no differences were found in obesity traits between the Ala allele carriers and Pro/Pro homozygotes. Sex-stratified analysis showed that, in periadolescent boys, Ala carriers exhibited lower measures of skinfolds (triceps: 16.9 ± 6.9 vs 19.4 ± 7.9 mm, P = .01; subscapular: 9.6 ± 4.5 vs 11.2 ± 5.4 mm, P = .02). On the other hand, young girls who were Ala carriers presented higher measures of triceps skinfold thickness (10.5 ± 3.0 vs 9.9 ± 2.8 mm, P = .04). Nominal gene-diet interactions were revealed in periadolescents for saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake and skinfolds (P for interaction = .05). In Pro/Pro homozygous young girls, SFA and total fat (TF) intake was positively associated with higher body mass index (BMI) (P = .01), waist circumference (P = .02), and skinfold thickness (triceps-SFA: P = 10⁻⁵, triceps-TF: P = 10⁻⁹, subscapular-SFA: P = 10⁻⁶, subscapular-TF: P = 10⁻⁴). For Pro/Pro homozygotes, unsaturated fat intake was inversely associated with BMI (P = .04) in young girls, and with BMI (P = .03), waist circumference (P = .03), and triceps (P = .02) in periadolescent boys. Our results suggest that adiposity in children is influenced by the Pro12Ala polymorphism in a sex-specific and age-dependent manner. We also demonstrate evidence of an age-dependent gene-diet (SFA, TF) interaction, suggesting that the type of fat intake modifies the effect of the Pro12 allele on obesity-related measures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-473
Number of pages7
JournalMetabolism
Volume60
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2011

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An age-dependent diet-modified effect of thePPARγPro12Ala polymorphism in children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Dedoussis, G. V., Manios, Y., Kourlaba, G., Kanoni, S., Lagou, V., Butler, J., Papoutsakis, C., Scott, R. A., Yannakoulia, M., Pitsiladis, Y., Hirschhorn, J. N., & Lyon, H. N. (2011). An age-dependent diet-modified effect of thePPARγPro12Ala polymorphism in children. Metabolism, 60(4), 467-473.