Adaptive image inversion of contrast 3D echocardiography for enabling automated analysis

Anjuman Shaheen, Kashif Rajput

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Introduction
    Contrast 3D echocardiography (C3DE) is commonly used to enhance the visual quality of ultrasound images in comparison with non-contrast 3D echocardiography (3DE). Although the image quality in C3DE is perceived to be improved for visual analysis, however it actually deteriorates for the purpose of automatic or semi-automatic analysis due to higher speckle noise and intensity inhomogeneity. Therefore, the LV endocardial feature extraction and segmentation from the C3DE images remains a challenging problem.

    Methods
    To address this challenge, this work proposes an adaptive pre-processing method to invert the appearance of C3DE image. The image inversion is based on an image intensity threshold value which is automatically estimated through image histogram analysis.

    Results
    In the inverted appearance, the LV cavity appears dark while the myocardium appears bright thus making it similar in appearance to a 3DE image. Moreover, the resulting inverted image has high contrast and low noise appearance, yielding strong LV endocardium boundary and facilitating feature extraction for segmentation.

    Conclusions
    Our results demonstrate that the inverse appearance of contrast image enables the subsequent LV segmentation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)99-107
    JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
    Volume63
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015

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