A targeted deletion in alpha-tectorin reveals that the tectorial membrane is required for the gain and timing of cochlear feedback

P.K. Legan, Victoria Lukashkina, R.J. Goodyear, Manfred Kössi, Ian Russell, G.P. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

alpha-tectorin is an extracellular matrix molecule of the inner ear. Mice homozygous for a targeted deletion in a-tectorin have tectorial membranes that are detached from the cochlear epithelium and lack all noncollagenous matrix, but the architecture of the organ of Corti is otherwise normal. The basilar membranes of wild-type and alpha-tectorin mutant mice are tuned, but the alpha-tectorin mutants are 35 dB less sensitive. Basilar membrane responses of wild-type mice exhibit a second resonance, indicating that the tectorial membrane provides an inertial mass against which outer hair cells can exert forces. Cochlear microphonics recorded in alpha-tectorin mutants differ in both phase and symmetry relative to those of wild-type mice. Thus, the tectorial membrane ensures that outer hair cells can effectively respond to basilar membrane motion and that feedback is delivered with the appropriate gain and timing required for amplification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-285
Number of pages13
JournalNeuron
Volume28
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2000

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Tectorial Membrane
Cochlea
Basilar Membrane
Outer Auditory Hair Cells
Organ of Corti
Inner Ear
Extracellular Matrix
Epithelium

Cite this

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title = "A targeted deletion in alpha-tectorin reveals that the tectorial membrane is required for the gain and timing of cochlear feedback",
abstract = "alpha-tectorin is an extracellular matrix molecule of the inner ear. Mice homozygous for a targeted deletion in a-tectorin have tectorial membranes that are detached from the cochlear epithelium and lack all noncollagenous matrix, but the architecture of the organ of Corti is otherwise normal. The basilar membranes of wild-type and alpha-tectorin mutant mice are tuned, but the alpha-tectorin mutants are 35 dB less sensitive. Basilar membrane responses of wild-type mice exhibit a second resonance, indicating that the tectorial membrane provides an inertial mass against which outer hair cells can exert forces. Cochlear microphonics recorded in alpha-tectorin mutants differ in both phase and symmetry relative to those of wild-type mice. Thus, the tectorial membrane ensures that outer hair cells can effectively respond to basilar membrane motion and that feedback is delivered with the appropriate gain and timing required for amplification.",
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A targeted deletion in alpha-tectorin reveals that the tectorial membrane is required for the gain and timing of cochlear feedback. / Legan, P.K.; Lukashkina, Victoria; Goodyear, R.J.; Kössi, Manfred; Russell, Ian; Richardson, G.P.

In: Neuron, Vol. 28, No. 1, 31.10.2000, p. 273-285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Legan, P.K.

AU - Lukashkina, Victoria

AU - Goodyear, R.J.

AU - Kössi, Manfred

AU - Russell, Ian

AU - Richardson, G.P.

PY - 2000/10/31

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