A Systematic Review of Augmented Reality Game-Based Applications in Primary Education

Panagiotis Fotaris, Nikolaos Pellas, Ioannis Kazanidis, Paul Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


Augmented Reality game-based learning (ARGBL) is quickly gaining momentum in the education sector worldwide as it has the potential to enable new forms of learning and transform the learning experience. However, it remains unclear how ARGBL applications can impact students’ motivation and performance in primary education. This study addresses that topic by providing a systematic review, which analyses and critically appraises the current state of knowledge and practice in the use of ARGBL applications in primary education. In total, seventeen (17) studies that used either qualitative, quantitative, or mixed-methods to collect their data were analysed and were published between 2012 and 2017. The study results indicated that ARGBL applications are mainly used to document the design and development process, as well as to share preliminary findings and student feedback. Based on a comprehensive taxonomy of application areas for AR in primary education, ARGBL can potentially influence the students’ attendance, knowledge transfer, skill acquisition, hands-on digital experience, and positive attitudes in laboratory experimental exercises for different courses. This review aims to offer new insights to researchers and provide educators with effective advice and suggestions on how to improve learning outcomes, as well as increase students’ motivation and learning performance by incorporating this instructional model into their teaching.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th European Conference on Games Based Learning ECGBL 2017
Place of PublicationReading, UK
PublisherAcademic Conferences and Publishing International Limited
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781911218579
ISBN (Print)9781911218579
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2017
Event11th European Conference on Games Based Learning - The FH JOANNEUM University of Applied Science, Graz, Austria, 2017, Graz, Austria
Duration: 4 Oct 20175 Oct 2017


Conference11th European Conference on Games Based Learning
Abbreviated titleECGBL 2017


  • augmented reality
  • game-based learning
  • primary education
  • mixed reality
  • mobile learning


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