A self-consistent kinetic model for droplet heating and evaporation

Sergei Sazhin, Irina Shishkova, Mansour Al Qubeissi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A new kinetic model for heating and evaporation of Diesel fuel droplets is suggested. The model is based onthe introduction of the kinetic region in the immediate vicinity of the heated and evaporating droplets, wherethe dynamics of molecules are described in terms of the Boltzmann equations for vapour components andair, and the hydrodynamic region. The effects of finite thermal conductivity and species diffusivity insidethe droplets and inelastic collisions in the kinetic region are taken into account. Diesel fuel is approximatedby n-dodecane or a mixture of 80% n-dodecane and 20% p-dipropylbenzene. In both cases, the evaporationcoefficient is assumed equal to 1. The values of temperature and vapour density at the outer boundary ofthe kinetic region are inferred from the requirement that both heat flux and mass flux of vapour (or vapourcomponents) in the kinetic and hydrodynamic regions in the vicinity of the interface between these regionsshould be equal. Initially, the heat and mass fluxes in the hydrodynamic region are calculated based onthe values of temperature and vapour density at the surface of the droplet. Then the values of temperatureand vapour density at the outer boundary of the kinetic region, obtained following the above-mentionedprocedure, are used to calculate the corrected values of hydrodynamic heat and mass fluxes. The latter intheir turn lead to new corrected values of temperature and vapour density at the outer boundary of thekinetic region etc. It is shown that this process quickly converges for the cases analysed in the paper, andit leads to self-consistent values for both heat and mass fluxes. The model is applied to the analysis ofheating and evaporation of Diesel fuel droplets with initial radii and temperature equal to 5 μm and 300K, immersed into gas with temperatures in the range 800-1200 K and pressure equal to 30 bar. It is shownthat in all cases the kinetic effects lead to a decrease in droplet surface temperature and an increase in theevaporation time. The kinetic effects on the droplet evaporation time are shown to increase with increasinggas temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1206-1217
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Bibliographical note

© 2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Boltzmann equation
  • Diesel fuel droplet
  • n-dodecane
  • p-dipropylbenzene
  • Heat/mass transfer
  • Kinetic effects

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