A review of smartphones‐based indoor positioning: Challenges and applications

Khuong An Nguyen, Zhiyuan Luo, Guang Li, Christopher Watkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The continual proliferation of mobile devices has encouraged much effort in using the smartphones for indoor positioning.

This article is dedicated to review the most recent and interesting smartphones based indoor navigation systems, ranging from electromagnetic to inertia to visible light ones, with an emphasis on their unique challenges and potential real-world applications.

A taxonomy of smartphones sensors will be introduced, which serves as the basis to categorise different positioning systems for reviewing. A set of criteria to be used for the evaluation purpose will be devised. For each sensor category, the most recent, interesting and practical systems will be examined, with detailed discussion on the open research questions for the academics, and the practicality for the potential clients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
Journal IET Cyber-systems and Robotics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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