A general method for drawing area-proportional Euler diagrams

Gem Stapleton, Peter Rodgers, John Howse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Area-proportional Euler diagrams have many applications, for example they are often used for visualizing data in medical and biological domains. There have been a number of recent research efforts to automatically draw Euler diagrams when the areas of the regions are not considered, leading to a range of different drawing techniques. By contrast, substantially less progress has been made on the problem of automatically drawing area-proportional Euler diagrams, although some partial results have been derived. In this paper, we considerably advance the state-of-the-art in area-proportional Euler diagram drawing by presenting the first method that is capable of generating such a diagram given any area-proportional specification. Moreover, our drawing method is sufficiently flexible that it allows one to specify which of the typically enforced well-formedness conditions should be possessed by the to-be-drawn Euler diagram.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-442
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Visual Languages and Computing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2011


  • area-proportional euler diagrams information
  • visualization non-hierarchical data
  • visualization
  • venn diagrams


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