A fast and accurate model for the creation of explosion fragments with improved fragment shape and dimensions

David Felix, Ian Colwill, Paul Harris

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Explosion models based on Finite Element Analysis (FEA) can be used to simulate how a warhead fragments. However their execution times are extensive. Active protection systems need to make very fast predictions, before a fast attacking weapon hits the target. Fast execution times are also needed in real time simulations where the impact of many different computer models is being assessed. Hence, FEA explosion models are not appropriate for these real-time systems. The research presented in this paper delivers a fast simulation model based on Mott’s equation that calculates the number and weight of fragments created by an explosion. In addition, the size and shape of fragments, unavailable in Mott’s equation, are calculated using photographic evidence and a distribution of a fragment’s length to its width. The model also identifies the origin of fragments on the warhead’s casing. The results are verified against experimental data and a fast execution time is achieved using uncomplicated simulation steps. The developed model then can be made available for real-time simulation and fast computation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalDefence Technology
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2021

    Keywords

    • distribution of fragments
    • fragment shape
    • real-time simulation
    • cylindrical explosion
    • Distribution of fragments
    • Real-time simulation
    • Cylindrical explosion
    • Fragment shape

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