A Cloud-Edge-Aided Incremental High-Order Possibilistic c-Means Algorithm for Medical Data Clustering

Fanyu Bu, Chengsheng Hu, Qingchen Zhang, Changchuan Bai, Laurence T. Yang, Thar Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Medical Internet of Things are generating a big volume of data to enable smart medicine that tries to offer computer-aided medical and healthcare services with artificial intelligence techniques like deep learning and clustering. However, it is a challenging issue for deep learning, and clustering algorithms to analyze large medical data because of their high computational complexity, thus hindering the progress of smart medicine. In this article, we present an incremental high-order possibilistic c-means algorithm (IHoPCM) on a cloud-edge computing system to achieve medical data coclustering of multiple hospitals in different locations. Specifically, each hospital employs the deep computation model to learn a feature tensor of each medical data object on the local edge computing system, and then uploads the feature tensors to the cloud computing platform. The high-order possibilistic c-means algorithm is performed on the cloud system for medical data clustering on uploaded feature tensors. Once the new medical data feature tensors are arriving at the cloud computing platform, the incremental high-order possibilistic c-means algorithm (IHoPCM) is performed on the combination of the new feature tensors and the previous clustering centers to obtain clustering results for the feature tensors received to date. In this way, repeated clustering on the previous feature tensors is avoided to improve the clustering efficiency. In the experiments, we compare different algorithms on two medical datasets regarding clustering accuracy and clustering efficiency. Results show that the presented IHoPCM method achieves great improvements over the compared algorithms in clustering accuracy and efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148 - 155
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2020

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