A broken silence? Mass Observation, Armistice Day and ‘everyday life’ in Britain 1937–1941

Lucy Noakes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Between 1937 and 1941 the social survey organisation Mass Observation collected material on the ways that the British people experienced and thought about the commemorative practices that marked the anniversary of the Armistice of 1918. What they found was that whilst people were largely united in their observation of the rituals of remembrance, their thoughts and feelings about these practices were diverse. For some, the acts of commemoration were a fitting way to pay tribute to both the dead and the bereaved. For others, these acts were hypocritical in a nation preparing for war. This article draws on the Mass Observation material to trace some of the diverse ways that remembrance was embodied in everyday life, practiced, experienced, and understood by the British people as the nation moved once again from peace to war, arguing that studies of the practices of remembrance alone tell us little about how they have been understood by participants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-346
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of European Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Armistice Day
  • everyday life
  • inter-war Britain
  • Mass Observation
  • Second World War Britain
  • remembrance
  • silence


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