9,10-Dioxa-1,2-diaza-anthracene derivatives from tetrafluoropyridazine

Graham Pattison, Graham Sandford, Dmitrii S. Yufit, Judith A K Howard, John A. Christopher, David D. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Reaction of tetrafluoropyridazine with catechol gives a tricyclic 9,10-dioxa-1,2-diaza-anthracene system by a sequential nucleophilic aromatic substitution ring annelation process, further extending the use of perfluoroheteroaromatic derivatives for the synthesis of unusual polyfunctional heterocyclic architectures. The tricyclic scaffold reacts with amines and sodium ethoxide providing a short series of functional 9,10-dioxa-1,2-diaza-anthracene systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalBeilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2010



  • 9,10-dioxa-1,2-diaza-anthracene
  • Benzodioxinopyridazine
  • Heterocyclic synthesis
  • Nucleophilic aromatic substitution
  • Perfluoroheteroaromatic
  • Tetrafluoropyrazine

Cite this

Pattison, G., Sandford, G., Yufit, D. S., Howard, J. A. K., Christopher, J. A., & Miller, D. D. (2010). 9,10-Dioxa-1,2-diaza-anthracene derivatives from tetrafluoropyridazine. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 6, [45]. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjoc.6.45