Gemma Williams

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Twitter: @DjzemaLouiz



Gemma Williams has recently completed her Linguistics PhD, with a University of Brighton Doctoral Studentship award, where she investigated autistic language use via a synthesis of interdisciplinary tools and theories, largely influenced by Relevance Theory. Gemma is also a Lecturer on the Text Design: Style and Genre module in the School of Humanities here at UoB. 

Prior to beginning this PhD course, Gemma taught English as a Foreign Language for eight years, latterly focusing on Business English. This led to her completing a Masters in ELT (English Language Teaching) at the University of Sussex where her research interests included teacher cognition, Intercultural Communicative Competence and English as a Lingua Franca. Gemma also spent several years as a recording and internationally touring musician.


My PhD research 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by impaired communication and social interaction, with pragmatic ‘deficits’ in autistic language use commonly attributed to an impaired theory of mind, or ‘mindblindness’- the inability to detect or make sense of the states of others. From this perspective the onus of failures in mutual understanding is placed within the brains/minds of the autistic individuals involved. However, recent research in the social sciences and critical autism studies is beginning to provide evidence of the difficulties that non-autistic people have understanding autistic people too, and to reframe the communicative difficulties as a two-way, ‘double empathy problem’.

The aim of this thesis is to apply this difference-not-deficit approach to an investigation of adult autistic language use. Can Relevance Theory, a cognitive account of utterance interpretation, make sense of what is happening pragmatically? Is a radical reframing of the difficulties observed in autistic-neurotypical communication as essentially an intercultural problem, valuable? Can English as a Lingua Franca and its associated accommodative efforts offer any insights? This thesis will draw on Sociology, Anthropology, Philosophy of Mind and Critical Autism studies to augment its core Pragmatics tools in attempting to answer these questions.

A piece of Gemma's autoethnographic creative writing from her PhD thesis, 'We're All Strangers Here', was awarded Honorable Mention in the Society for Humanistic Anthropology 2019 Ethnographic Fiction and Creative Nonfiction Prize. 


Education/Academic qualification

Unknown, PhD, University of Brighton

4 Oct 201722 Jan 2021

Award Date: 22 Jan 2021

Master, University of Sussex

Award Date: 1 Oct 2016

External positions

Member of the Board

1 Feb 202131 Jan 2022

Research Fellow, Primary Care , Brighton and Sussex Medical School

6 Nov 202028 Apr 2021


  • PE English
  • Autism
  • Neurodiversity
  • Relevance Theory
  • Pragmatics
  • cognition
  • ELT
  • Intercultural communication
  • Loneliness
  • Engaged research
  • Qualitative Methods
  • Ethnography
  • autoethnography
  • Disability studies
  • Cognitive Pragmatics
  • Interaction
  • Critical Theory
  • Coproduction
  • Critical autism studies
  • Primary Care
  • Linguistics
  • creative methods


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