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Personal profile

Research interests

I am interested in language and gender in Italy/Italian. My research examines sexist language used to reconstruct the traditional arrangement in Italian society (men/public - women/private) and failed and successful attempts to subvert this. Using quantitative (corpus linguistics) and qualitative methods, I explore generic terms (grammatically masculine) to refer to female politicians as well as sexual terms to insult them. I also worked on media and parliamentary language when describing the gendered crime of femminicidio. Recently, I have investigated conventional messages used by fathers to police (their) daughters' sexuality.


Scholarly biography

I obtained my PhD at Lancaster University in 2014. Since then I have been teaching several branches of linguistics in different UK universities. My teaching expertise ranges from language,gender and sexuality to multimodality and corpus linguistics. 

Supervisory Interests

I am interested in supervising students in the following disciplines (or combination of these):

- language, gender and sexuality

- corpus linguistics

- multimodality

- discourses around racism, sexism, transphobia and homophobia

- language describing violence against women in UK and other parts of the world.


Please do contact me if you are interested in spending a visiting period for your PhD research. 

Education/Academic qualification

PhD, Lancaster University

Award Date: 25 Jun 2014


  • PC Romance languages
  • gender
  • language and gender
  • Italian

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Research Output

Production and Reception of Fathers' Construction of their Daughter’s Sexuality on Twitter

Formato, F., 10 Sep 2020, In : Critical Discourse Studies .

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Uno: A corpus linguistic investigation of intersubjectivity and gender

    Formato, F. & Tantucci, V., 6 May 2020, In : Journal of Language and Discrimination. 4, 1, p. 51-73

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Gender, Discourse and Ideology in Italian

    Formato, F., 2018, Palgrave Macmillan. 299 p. (Palgrave Studies in Language, Gender and Sexuality)

    Research output: Book/ReportBook - authored

  • Linguistic markers of sexism in the Italian media: a case study of ministra and ministro

    Formato, F., 2016, In : Corpora. 11, 3, p. 371-399

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    • 2 Invited talk
    • 1 Editorial work
    • 1 Oral presentation

    Gendered language hygiene in interaction: constructions of ego identity through speakers’ personal and social perspectives

    Federica Formato (Presenter)

    16 Sep 201918 Sep 2020

    Activity: External talk or presentationInvited talk

    Journal of Gender and Language (Journal)

    Federica Formato (Editor)

    1 Sep 2019 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditorial work

    “Be a man – grow a beard”: Investigation into public responses to the Gillette advert on YouTube and Reddit

    Mandie Iveson (Presenter) & Federica Formato (Presenter)

    30 May 2019

    Activity: External talk or presentationOral presentation