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Research Output 2001 2018

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Conference contribution with ISSN or ISBN
2018

Adding the Third Dimension to Spatial Relation Detection in 2D Images

Birmingham, B., Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 7 Sep 2018, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation . p. 146-151

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

SpatialVOC2K: A Multilingual Dataset of Images with Annotations and Features for Spatial Relations between Objects

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Anguill, P., Sow, M., Vincent, G. & Zinessabah, Y., 7 Sep 2018, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

The First Multilingual Surface Realisation Shared Task (SR’18): Overview and Evaluation Results

Mille, S., Belz, A., Bohnet, B., Graham, Y., Pitler, E. & Wanner, L., 1 Jul 2018, Proceedings of the First Workshop on Multilingual Surface Realisation. Stroudsburg, PA, p. 1-12 12 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearch

Open Access
File

Underspecified Universal Dependency Structures as Inputs for Multilingual Surface Realisation

Mille, S., Belz, A., Bohnet, B. & Wanner, L., 1 Nov 2018, Proceedings of the 11th International Natural Language Generation Conference.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
2017

Multilingual Surface Realization Using Universal Dependency Trees

Mille, S., Bohnet, B., Wanner, L. & Belz, A., 1 Sep 2017, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG'17). Santiago de Compostela, Spain, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Deep learning
2016

Analysis of Twitter data for postmarketing surveillance in pharmacovigilance

Pain, J., Levacher, J., Quinqunel, A. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2016, Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text. Osaka, Japan, p. 94-101 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Semantics

Effect of Data Annotation, Feature Selection and Model Choice on Spatial Description Generation in French

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Birmingham, B., Levacher, J., Pain, J. & Quinquenel, A., 1 Jan 2016, The 9th International Natural Language Generation Conference. Edinburgh, UK, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Exploring Different Preposition Sets, Models and Feature Sets in Automatic Generation of Spatial Image Descriptions

Belz, A., Muscat, A. & Birmingham, B., 1 Jan 2016, The 5th Workshop on Vision and Language. Berlin, Germany, p. 69-65 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
2015

Describing Spatial Relationships between Objects in Images in English and French

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Aberton, M. & Benjelloun, S., 1 Sep 2015, Proceedings of the 2015 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’15). UK, p. 104-113 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Generating Descriptions of Spatial Relations between Objects in Images

Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 1 Sep 2015, ENLG 2015: 15th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation. UK, p. 100-104 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2014

A Comparative Evaluation Methodology for NLG in Interactive Systems

Hastie, H. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2014, Proceedings of LREC'14. Paris, p. 4004-4011 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

The Last 10 Metres: Using Visual Analysis and Verbal Communication in Guiding Visually Impaired Smartphone Users to Entrances

Belz, A., Bharath, A. & Bharath, A., 1 Aug 2014, Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Vision and Language (VL'14). Stroudsburg, p. 118-120 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
2012

A Repository of Data and Evaluation Resources for Natural Language Generation

Belz, A. & Gatt, A., 31 Dec 2012, Proceedings of LREC'12. Paris, p. 4027-4032 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

LG-Eval: A Toolkit for Creating Online Language Evaluation Experiments

Kow, E. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2012, Proceedings of LREC'12. Paris, p. 4033-4037 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The Surface Realisation Task: Recent Developments and Future Plans

Belz, A., Bohnet, B., Mille, S., Wanner, L. & White, M., 1 Jan 2012, Proceedings of the 7th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'12). Utica, Illinois, p. 136-140 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2011

Discrete vs. continuous rating scales for language evaluation in NLP

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2011, The 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 230-235 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments

The First Surface Realisation Shared Task: Overview and Evaluation Results

Belz, A., White, M., Espinosa, D., Kow, E., Hogan, D. & Stent, A., 1 Jan 2011, Proceedings of the 13th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'11). Nancy, France, p. 217-226 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Unsupervised alignment of comparable data and text resources

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 May 2011, Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Building and Using Comparable Corpora, 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 102-109 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2010

A game-based approach to transcribing images of text

Dahab, K. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2010, 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. France, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Optical character recognition
Transcription
Byproducts

Comparing rating scales and preference judgements in language evaluation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Proceedings of the 6th International Language Generation Congerence (INLG'10). Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 7-15 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

ratings
evaluation
clarity
proportion
statistics

Construction of bilingual multimodal corpora of referring expressions in collaborative problem solving

Tokunaga, T., Iida, R., Yasuhara, M., Terai, A., Morris, D. & Belz, A., 1 Aug 2010, 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources. Michigan, p. 38-46 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Linguistics
Synchronization
Simulators

Extracting parallel fragments from comparable corpora for data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Proceedings of 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'10). Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 167-171 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Finding common ground: towards a surface realisation shared task

Belz, A., White, M., Genabith, J. V., Hogan, D. & Stent, A., 1 Jan 2010, INLG 2010 - 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 268-272 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2009

System building cost vs. output quality in data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 30 Mar 2009, Proceedings of the 12th European workshop on natural language generation (ENLG 2009). Athens, Greece, p. 16-24 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Reusability
Costs

The GREC main subject reference generation challenge 2009: Overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E. & Varges, S., 2009, Proceedings of the 2009 Workshop on Language Generation and Summarisation (UCNLG+Sum 2009).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The GREC named entity generation challenge 2009; Overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E. & Viethen, J., 2009, 2009 Workshop on Language Generation and Summarisation. p. 88-98 11 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2008

Attribute selection for referring expression generation: new algorithms and evaluation methods

Gatt, A. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2008, INLG '08 Proceedings of the Fifth International Natural Language Generation Conference. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 50-58 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments

Intrinsic vs. extrinsic evaluation measures for referring expression generation

Belz, A. & Gatt, A., 1 Jan 2008, Proceedings of the 46th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL'08). Columbus, Ohio, p. 197-200 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The GREC challenge 2008; Overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E., Viethen, J. & Gatt, A., 1 Jan 2008, 5th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'08). Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 183-199 17 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments
2007

Generation of repeated references to discourse entities

Belz, A. & Varges, S., 1 Jan 2007, Proceedings of the 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'07). Saarbrücken, Germany, p. 9-16 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Syntactics
Experiments

Modelling control in generation

Evans, R., Weir, D., Carroll, J., Paiva, D. & Belz, A., 1 Jun 2007, 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG '07). Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 25-32 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

File

Probabilistic generation of weather forecast texts

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2007, Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 164-171 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

File
Computational efficiency
Decision making
Experiments
2006

Comparing automatic and human evaluation of NLG systems

Belz, A. & Reiter, E., 1 Jan 2006, 11th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 313-320 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

GENEVAL: a proposal for shared-task evaluation in NLG

Reiter, E. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2006, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG'06). Stroudsburg, PA, USA, p. 136-138 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Shared-task evaluations in HLT: lessons for NLG

Belz, A. & Kilgarriff, A., 1 Jan 2006, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG'06). Germany, p. 133-135 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Consolidation
2005

Statistical generation: three methods compared and evaluated

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2005, Proceedings of the 10th European Workshop On Natural Language Generation. Helsinki, Finland, p. 15-23 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Costs
Statistical Models
2002

Grammar learning by partition search

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2002, Proceedings of the LREC 2002 workshop on event modelling for multilingual document linking. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Context free grammars

Learning grammars for different parsing tasks by partition search

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2002, COLING '02 Proceedings of the 19th international conference on computational linguistics. Stroudsbury, PA, USA, Vol. 1. p. 78-84 7 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments
Deep learning

Learning grammars for noun phrase extraction by partition search

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2002, Proceedings of the LREC 2002 workshop on linguistic knowledge acquisition and representation: bootstrapping annotated language data. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

File
Context free grammars
Costs

PCFG learning by nonterminal partition search

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2002, Grammatical Inference: Algorithms and Applications: Proceedings of the 6th International Colloquium: ICGI 2002. Adriaans, P., Fernau, H. & van Zaanen, M. (eds.). Berlin, Germany, Vol. 2484/2. p. 14-27 14 p. (Lecture notes in computer science).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Processing
Experiments

PILLS: multilingual generation of medical information documents with overlapping content

Bouayad-Agha, N., Power, R., Scott, D. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2002, Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on language resources and evaluation. Las Calmas, Canary Islands, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Drug products
Industry
2001

Learning computational grammars

Nerbonne, J., Belz, A., Cancedda, N., Dejean, H., Hammerton, J., Koeling, R., Konstantopoulos, S., Osborne, M., Thollard, F. & Tjong Kim Sang, E., 1 Jan 2001, Proceedings of CoNLL-2001: the fifth workshop on computational language learning. Toulouse, France, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Computational grammars
Availability
Learning systems

Optimisation of corpus-derived probabilistic grammars

Belz, A., 1 Mar 2001, Corpus Linguistics 2001. Lancaster, UK, p. 46-57 12 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

File
Context free grammars
Testing