If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Research Output 2001 2018

2018

Adding the Third Dimension to Spatial Relation Detection in 2D Images

Birmingham, B., Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 7 Sep 2018, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation . The Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 146-151

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

From Image to Language and Back Again

Belz, A., Berg, T. & Yu, L., 23 Apr 2018, In : Natural Language Engineering. 24, 3, p. 325-362 38 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Journal of Natural Language Engineering Special Issue on Language for Images

Belz, A. (ed.) & Berg, T. (ed.), 1 May 2018, In : Natural Language Engineering. p. 1-160 160 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialResearch

Open Access
File

Proceedings of the First Workshop on Multilingual Surface Realisation

Mille, S. (ed.), Belz, A. (ed.), Bohnet, B. (ed.), Pitler, E. (ed.) & Wanner, L. (ed.), Jul 2018, Stroudsburg, PA: ACL. 73 p.

Research output: Book/ReportAnthologyResearchpeer-review

Open Access

SpatialVOC2K: A Multilingual Dataset of Images with Annotations and Features for Spatial Relations between Objects

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Anguill, P., Sow, M., Vincent, G. & Zinessabah, Y., 7 Sep 2018, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation. The Association for Computational Linguistics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

The First Multilingual Surface Realisation Shared Task (SR’18): Overview and Evaluation Results

Mille, S., Belz, A., Bohnet, B., Graham, Y., Pitler, E. & Wanner, L., 1 Jul 2018, Proceedings of the First Workshop on Multilingual Surface Realisation. Stroudsburg, PA: The Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 1-12 12 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearch

Open Access
File

Underspecified Universal Dependency Structures as Inputs for Multilingual Surface Realisation

Mille, S., Belz, A., Bohnet, B. & Wanner, L., 1 Nov 2018, Proceedings of the 11th International Natural Language Generation Conference. The Association for Computational Linguistics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
2017

Learning to Generate Descriptions of Visual Data Anchored in Spatial Relations

Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 18 Jul 2017, In : IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine. 12, 3, p. 29-42 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Learning systems

Multilingual Surface Realization Using Universal Dependency Trees

Mille, S., Bohnet, B., Wanner, L. & Belz, A., 1 Sep 2017, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG'17). Santiago de Compostela, Spain: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Deep learning

Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Vision and Language (VL'17)

Belz, A. (ed.), Pastra, K. (ed.), Erdem, E. (ed.) & Mikolajczyk, K. (ed.), 1 Jan 2017, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics. 1 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - editedResearch

2016

Analysis of Twitter data for postmarketing surveillance in pharmacovigilance

Pain, J., Levacher, J., Quinqunel, A. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2016, Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text. Osaka, Japan, p. 94-101 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Semantics

Effect of Data Annotation, Feature Selection and Model Choice on Spatial Description Generation in French

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Birmingham, B., Levacher, J., Pain, J. & Quinquenel, A., 1 Jan 2016, The 9th International Natural Language Generation Conference. Edinburgh, UK: The Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Exploring Different Preposition Sets, Models and Feature Sets in Automatic Generation of Spatial Image Descriptions

Belz, A., Muscat, A. & Birmingham, B., 1 Jan 2016, The 5th Workshop on Vision and Language. Berlin, Germany: ACL, p. 69-65 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Proceedings of the 2016 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’16)

Belz, A. (ed.), Pastra, K. (ed.), Erdem, E. (ed.) & Mikolajczyk, K. (ed.), 1 Jan 2016, PA, USA : Association for Computational Linguistics.

Research output: Other contributionResearch

2015

Describing Spatial Relationships between Objects in Images in English and French

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Aberton, M. & Benjelloun, S., 1 Sep 2015, Proceedings of the 2015 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’15). UK, p. 104-113 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Generating Descriptions of Spatial Relations between Objects in Images

Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 1 Sep 2015, ENLG 2015: 15th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation. UK: ACL, p. 100-104 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Proceedings of the 15th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'15)

Belz, A. (ed.), Gatt, A. (ed.), Portet, F. (ed.) & Purver, M. (ed.), 31 Aug 2015, ACL. 1 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - editedResearch

Proceedings of the 2015 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’15)

Belz, A. (ed.), Coheur, L. (ed.), Ferrari, V. (ed.), Moens, M-F. M. (ed.), Pastra, K. (ed.) & Vulic, I. (ed.), 31 Aug 2015, PA, USA: ACL. 116 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - editedResearch

2014

A Comparative Evaluation Methodology for NLG in Interactive Systems

Hastie, H. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2014, Proceedings of LREC'14. Paris: European Language Resources Association, p. 4004-4011 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Comparative Evaluation and Shared Tasks for NLG in Interactive Systems

Belz, A. & Hastie, H., 1 Jul 2014, Natural Language Generation in Interactive Systems. Stent, A. & Bangalore, S. (eds.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, p. 302-350 49 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapterResearch

Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Vision and Language

Belz, A. (ed.), Smeaton, A. (ed.) & Moens, M-F. M. (ed.), 1 Sep 2014, ACL.

Research output: Other contributionResearch

The Last 10 Metres: Using Visual Analysis and Verbal Communication in Guiding Visually Impaired Smartphone Users to Entrances

Belz, A., Bharath, A. & Bharath, A., 1 Aug 2014, Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Vision and Language (VL'14). Stroudsburg: ACL, p. 118-120 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
2012

A Repository of Data and Evaluation Resources for Natural Language Generation

Belz, A. & Gatt, A., 31 Dec 2012, Proceedings of LREC'12. Paris: ELRA, p. 4027-4032 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

LG-Eval: A Toolkit for Creating Online Language Evaluation Experiments

Kow, E. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2012, Proceedings of LREC'12. Paris: ELRA, p. 4033-4037 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The Surface Realisation Task: Recent Developments and Future Plans

Belz, A., Bohnet, B., Mille, S., Wanner, L. & White, M., 1 Jan 2012, Proceedings of the 7th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'12). Utica, Illinois: ACL, p. 136-140 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2011

Discrete vs. continuous rating scales for language evaluation in NLP

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2011, The 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 230-235 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments

Proceedings of UCNLG+Eval: Language Generation and Evaluation

Belz, A. (ed.), Evans, R. (ed.), Gatt, A. (ed.) & Striegnitz, K. (ed.), 1 Jan 2011, Stroudsburg, PA: Association for Computational Linguistics. 1 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - editedResearch

The First Surface Realisation Shared Task: Overview and Evaluation Results

Belz, A., White, M., Espinosa, D., Kow, E., Hogan, D. & Stent, A., 1 Jan 2011, Proceedings of the 13th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'11). Nancy, France: ACM, p. 217-226 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File

Unsupervised alignment of comparable data and text resources

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 May 2011, Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Building and Using Comparable Corpora, 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 102-109 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

2010

A game-based approach to transcribing images of text

Dahab, K. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2010, 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. France: European Language Resources Association (ELRA), p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Optical character recognition
Transcription
Byproducts

Assessing the trade-off between system building cost and output quality in data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Empirical Methods in Natural Language Generation. Krahmer, E. & Theune, M. (eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, Vol. 5790. p. 180-200 21 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapterResearchpeer-review

Automation
Costs
Reusability
Experiments

Comparing rating scales and preference judgements in language evaluation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Proceedings of the 6th International Language Generation Congerence (INLG'10). Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 7-15 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

ratings
evaluation
clarity
proportion
statistics

Construction of bilingual multimodal corpora of referring expressions in collaborative problem solving

Tokunaga, T., Iida, R., Yasuhara, M., Terai, A., Morris, D. & Belz, A., 1 Aug 2010, 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources. Michigan: University of Michigan, p. 38-46 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Linguistics
Synchronization
Simulators

Extracting parallel fragments from comparable corpora for data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Proceedings of 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'10). Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 167-171 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Finding common ground: towards a surface realisation shared task

Belz, A., White, M., Genabith, J. V., Hogan, D. & Stent, A., 1 Jan 2010, INLG 2010 - 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 268-272 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Generating referring expressions in context: the GREC shared task evaluation challenges

Belz, A., Kow, E., Viethen, J. & Gatt, A., 1 Jan 2010, Empirical Methods in Natural Language Generation. Krahmer, E. & Theune, M. (eds.). Berlin: Springer, Vol. 5790. p. 294-327 34 p. (Lecture notes in computer science).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapterResearchpeer-review

Semantics
2009

An investigation into the validity of some metrics for automatically evaluating Natural Language Generation systems

Reiter, E. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2009, In : Computational Linguistics. 35, 4, p. 529-558 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

weather
evaluation
forecast

Proceedings of the 2009 Workshop on Language Generation and Summarisation (UCNLG+Sum 2009)

Belz, A., Evans, R. & Varges, S., 2009.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

compression
programme
resource
method
evaluation

System building cost vs. output quality in data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 30 Mar 2009, Proceedings of the 12th European workshop on natural language generation (ENLG 2009). Athens, Greece: Technografia Digital Press, p. 16-24 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Reusability
Costs

That's nice ... what can you do with it?

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2009, In : Computational Linguistics. 35, 1, p. 111-118 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Brain
Neurons
Technical presentations
Artificial intelligence
Electric power utilization

The GREC main subject reference generation challenge 2009: Overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E. & Varges, S., 2009, Proceedings of the 2009 Workshop on Language Generation and Summarisation (UCNLG+Sum 2009).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The GREC named entity generation challenge 2009; Overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E. & Viethen, J., 2009, 2009 Workshop on Language Generation and Summarisation. p. 88-98 11 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The TUNA-REG challenge 2009: overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E. & Gatt, A., 30 Mar 2009, p. 174-182. 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

Experiments
2008

Attribute selection for referring expression generation: new algorithms and evaluation methods

Gatt, A. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2008, INLG '08 Proceedings of the Fifth International Natural Language Generation Conference. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 50-58 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments

Automatic generation of weather forecast texts using comprehensive probabilistic generation-space models

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2008, In : Natural Language Engineering. 14, 4, p. 431-455 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Open Access
File
Computational efficiency
Decision making
Experiments

Intrinsic vs. extrinsic evaluation measures for referring expression generation

Belz, A. & Gatt, A., 1 Jan 2008, Proceedings of the 46th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL'08). Columbus, Ohio, p. 197-200 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

The GREC challenge 2008; Overview and evaluation results

Belz, A., Kow, E., Viethen, J. & Gatt, A., 1 Jan 2008, 5th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'08). Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 183-199 17 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Experiments
2007

Generation of repeated references to discourse entities

Belz, A. & Varges, S., 1 Jan 2007, Proceedings of the 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'07). Saarbrücken, Germany: DFKI GmbH, p. 9-16 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Syntactics
Experiments

Modelling control in generation

Evans, R., Weir, D., Carroll, J., Paiva, D. & Belz, A., 1 Jun 2007, 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG '07). Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 25-32 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

File

Probabilistic generation of weather forecast texts

Belz, A., 1 Jan 2007, Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association of Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 164-171 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

File
Computational efficiency
Decision making
Experiments